The sprinkler system is a self-operated extinguishing equipment activated by temperature. The sprinkler system consists of a water source and one or more sprinkler installations. Each installation consists of a water supply, pump, alarm valve station and a network of pipes on which the sprinkler heads are installed.
Opening the thermal fuse of the sprinkler head will cause the pressure in the main pipeline to drop, leading to opening the alarm valve and starting the sprinkler system. Upon opening the sprinkler at a predetermined temperature, discharge of water comes out in a form of shower stream.
Only those sprinklers open that are located above the fire source or in its close vicinity. This means that only those sprinklers are activated which are necessary to ensure fire suppression.